Kerman Province is in the southeast of the country. Its center is Kerman. The province of Kerman is the second largest in Iran, 181,714 km². The population of the province is 2.6 million. Kerman is one of the most important and historic provinces of Iran. It is famous for its handicrafts (hand-woven carpets), agro and horticultural products (date and pistachio) and different kinds of pastries ('Komaj' and 'Qovvatoo'). Kerman province has more than 660 national registered historical monuments and is one of the historical provinces of Iran. Kerman Province has 6 registered UNESCO World Heritages which is in first place of UNESCO World Heritage List of Iran.
City of Kerman
City of Kerman also known as Carmania is the capital of Kerman Province and the largest and most developed city in this Province and the most important city in the southeast of Iran. It is also one of the largest cities of Iran in terms of area. Kerman is famous for its long history and strong cultural heritages. The city is home to many historic mosques and Zoroastrian Fire Temples. Kerman is also on the recent list of the world's 1000 cleanest cities. Kerman became capital city of Iranian dynasties several times during its history. It is located on a large, flat plain, 800 km (500 mi) south-east of Tehran, the capital of Iran. The most important historic palaces in Kerman city are:
- Ganjali Khan Complex: this historic place is a Safavis-era building complex located in the old center of city of Kerman and constructed by Gang Ali Khan who governed Kerman provinces from 1596 to 1621 under Sah Abbas I. The complex is concluded of monuments and buildings such as a school, a square (in ninety-nine meters by fifty-four meter, and Similar to Naqsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan and Mir Chakhmagh Square in Yazd), a caravanserai (It is located on the east side of the Ganjali Square), a bathhouse (Built in 1631 and located on the southern side of Ganjali Square, converted into an anthropological museum in 1971), an Ab Anbar (water reservoir), a mint (its construction started in 1598 and ended in 1625 , converted into a numismatics museum in 1970. The museum displays coins from different periods such as Parthian, Sassanid, Safavid and Afsharid periods), a mosque and a bazzar (The located in southern part of Ganjali Square).
Jabalieh Dome: or Rock Dome, also known as the Gabri Dome, is a place of historical importance in Iran and has been constructed of stone and brick, though the building is of stone and gypsum, and its architectural affects have been inspired from the Sassanide period. It was repaired during the first decades of the advent of Islam in Iran. It appears to predate the 2nd millennium AD and may have been a Zoroastrian building, and is remarkable because of being constructed of stone rather than the more usual brick. The octagonal building of the dome is 20 meters high, surrounded by sunshades which reduce the diameter of the walls.The dome is among the most beautiful architectural feats of Iran which was registered on the National Heritage List in 1937. Today, following the transfer of a number of other historical inscribed pieces of the area to Jabalieh Dome, it has been turned into a museum.
- The Harandi garden which these days known as Harandi Museum garden and Musical Instruments Museum in city of Kerman instructed in the middle of 19th century. This monument was registered on the National Heritage List in 1976 with the registration number 1170 as one of the national works of Iran. This museum garden has its unique architecture and great environment and is one of most important Museum garden in Iran. This garden has become a museum after being purchased by Abolqasem Harandi.
- Freezers: Moayedi freezer is built in the late Safavid period and Moayedi aqueducts supplied its water. Zarisf freezer is also related to the Safavid period and located in Kerman in Zarisf Street. Constituent elements of the freezer are tanks, fences, ponds, and ice hole. Zarisf freezer built with a mud flood and represents the oldest architecture of the desert. Zarisf freezer was registered on the National Heritage List in 1998 with the registration number 3510.
zoroastrian museum: The only anthropology museum of Zoroastrians in the world, which showcases the ancient history of Zoroastrians, is in Kerman’s Fire Temple. The idea of launching the museum along with the library of Kerman’s Zoroastrian Society came to light in 1983, when the head of the society, Parviz Vakhashouri, and the former head of library collected cultural heritage artifacts of Kerman’s Zoroastrian community. These two officials added many other objects to this collection. The museum was officially inaugurated during Jashn-e Tirgan in 2005 by Iran’s Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization (ICHHTO). Jashn-e Tirgan or Tiregan is an ancient Iranian rain festival observed on July 1. The festivity refers to archangel Tir (literally meaning arrow) or Tishtar (lightning) who appear in the sky to generate thunder and lightning for providing the much needed rain.
Bam is a city in Kerman Province. The modern Iranian city of Bam surrounds the Bam citadel. There are various opinions about the date and reasons for the foundation of the citadel. Economically and commercially, Bam occupied a very important place in the region and was famed for its textiles and clothes. The ancient citadel of Arg-e Bam has a history dating back around 2,000 years ago, to the Parthian Empire (248 BC–224 AD), but most buildings were built during the Safavid dynasty. The modern city of Bam has gradually developed as an agricultural and industrial center, and until the 2003 earthquake was experiencing rapid growth. In particular, the city is known for its dates and citrus fruit, irrigated by a substantial network of qanats. The city also benefited from tourism, with an increasing number of people visiting the ancient citadel in recent years.
Shazdeh Mahan Garden
Shazdeh Mahan Garden is a historical Persian Garden as one of the world heritage sites in UNESCO and located near (6 km away from) Mahan in Kerman Province. The garden has a rectangular shape and a wall around it. It consists of an entrance structure and gate at the lower end and a two-floor residential structure at the upper end. The distance between these two is ornamented with water fountains that are engined by the natural incline of the land. The garden is a fine example of Persian gardens that take advantage of suitable natural climate. A garden was built for Mohammad Hasan Khan Qajar Sardari Iravani ca. 1850 on this site, and was entirely remodeled and extended around 1870 by Abdolhamid Mirza Naserodolleh during the eleven years of his governorship in the Qajar dynasty. The current visible structure dates almost entirely to this second period, and is formally related to similar gardens designed by NaseroDolleh in Tehran. (Bagh Chal in Niavaran) The construction was left unfinished, due to the death of Abdolhamid Mirza in the early 1890s.
Meymand is a very ancient village in Meymand Rural District, near Shahr-e Babak city in Kerman Province. Meymand is believed to be a primary human residence in the Iranian Plateau, dating back to 12,000 years ago. Many of the residents live in the 350 hand-dug houses amid the rocks, some of which have been inhabited for as long as 3,000 years. Stone engravings nearly 10,000 years old are found around the village, and deposits of pottery nearly 6,000 years old attest to the long history of settlement at the village site. Regarding the origin of these structures two theories have been suggested: According to the first theory, this village was built by a group of the Aryan tribe about 800 to 700 years B.C. and at the same time with the Median era. It is possible that the cliff structures of Meymand were built for religious purposes. Worshippers of Mithras believe that the sun is invincible and this guided them to consider mountains as sacred. Hence the stone cutters and architects of Meymand have set their beliefs out in the construction of their dwellings. Based on the second theory the village dates back to the second or third century A.D. During the Arsacid era different tribes of southern Kerman migrated in different directions. These tribes found suitable places for living and settled in those areas by building their shelters which developed in time into the existing homes. The existence of a place known as the fortress of Meymand, near the village, in which more than 150 ossuaries (bone-receptacle) of the Sassanid period were found, strengthens this theory.