Ramsar also known as Sakht Sar is a city in and the capital of Ramsar County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. Ramsar lies on the coast of the Caspian Sea. It borders the Caspian Sea to the north, Gilan province to the west, Qazvin Province to the south, and Tonekabon to the east.The native people in Ramsar are Gilaks although there are also Mazandarani people living there. They speak the language that is combination of Gilaki language and Mazandarani Language which the natives of Ramsar call their dialect "Ramsari". They are also able to speak standard Persian, the official language of Iran. Ramsar is a popular sea resort for Iranian tourists. The town also offers hot springs, the green forests of the Alborz Mountains and the vacation palace of the last Shah, which is currently the Ramsar Hotel. Locating between the forest and Caspian Sea gives Ramsar special situation and gives very magnificent view which is popular in Iran and the world. Ramsar has many beautiful places with incredible tourism attractions and because of this it has named as bride of the cities of Iran. The presence of coniferous mountains with massive cover of various plants, citrus gardens, tea and rice fields, beautiful beaches and seashore, pleasant weather areas, abundant mineral water resources, the presence of old and new airport and old hotels make this city one of the most unique cities.
The Convention on Wetlands or Ramsar Convention
The Convention on Wetlands also called the Ramsar Convention is the oldest of the modern global intergovernmental environmental agreements. Ramsar Convention is treaty that provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. The treaty was negotiated through the 1960s. It was adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1971 and came into force in 1975. Every three years, representatives of the Contracting Parties meet as the Conference of the Contracting Parties (COP), the policy-making organ of the Convention which adopts decisions (Resolutions and Recommendations) to administer the work of the Convention and improve the way in which the Parties are able to implement its objectives.The Convention uses a broad definition of wetlands. It includes all lakes and rivers, underground aquifers, swamps and marshes, wet grasslands, peatlands, oases, estuaries, deltas and tidal flats, mangroves and other coastal areas, coral reefs, and all human-made sites such as fish ponds, rice paddies, reservoirs and salt pans. Under the “three pillars” of the Convention, the Contracting Parties commit to:
- work towards the wise use of all their wetlands;
- designate suitable wetlands for the list of Wetlands of International Importance (the “Ramsar List”) and ensure their effective management;
- cooperate internationally on transboundary wetlands, shared wetland systems and shared species.
Javaher Deh is a village in Sakht Sar Rural District located in western south of the Central district of Ramsar and in skirts of high Samasus Mountains and among pastures and grasses. Javaher Deh is a great destination for many tourists in north of Iran and is considered as an important tourist attraction. This village has an exemplary nature and unique weather. Despite of high volume of tourists in Javaher Deh, people of this village have retained their local and native traditions. Javaher Deh displays several thousand years’ history with old graves and Mitra worshipers placed in it. It is also well-known for road constructed by German engineers in 1971 which relates Ramsar to Javaher Deh. This road has very beautiful view with dense of green trees and covered in fog reminds fascinating drawing. The most famous mountains of it include Sorkh Tale (the eastern side of Samamus Summit) and Vazhak Se Barareh Rezheh (Rajeh). The highest mountain among these is Sorkh Tale summit. Lapa Sar with its famous and medicinal springs and Samamus and the Tomb of Shah Yahya Kiayi on Chakad Summit of Samamus are permanent places which include some of the sights and attractive locations in Javaher Deh Village. The upper streams of this village along with outstanding waterfalls, the vast forest park between the valley that is beside Safarud River and a river with sparkling mineral water are some of the tourist attractions in the area.
Safarood Forest Park
Accessibility to this incredible park starts from the beginning of Javaherde Road in the western area of Ramsar, and after passing 9 km, this beautiful park is located along with Safarood River. This park is located in the valley and down the road, with steps made to enter the park. The forest, river, mineral water, and good weather have given this place a special view. This unique forest park is one of the best destinations for tourists.
Markuh castle is located in Ramsar town, Katalem town, in the route to Talarsar, and this relic was registered as one of Iran’s national relics with the registration number of 3484 in March 15th, 2001. It is probable that its origin goes back to the Pre-Islamic eras. The name of this castle is taken from the mountain it stands upon. This place dates back to pre-Islamic era.Markuh castle used to be a strategic castle and had a military use during the third, sixth and eight Hijri centuries. From the top levels of this place, everywhere from north to the sea, from east to Tonekabon, from west to Ramsar, and from south to Alborz mountains could be surveilled. Best time to visit this historic castle is in spring.
The boulevard in front of Old Ramsar hotels and Caspian is related to Pahlavid era and is located in Ramsar City. The boulevard was recorded as one of the national monuments of Iran on 1973 with registration number 1521. This boulevard was called Casino Boulevard before the Iran revolution in 1979 and after the revolution it was changed to Moallem (Teacher) Square.
Ramsar Old Hotel
Ramsar Old Hotel is located in the heart of the city next to the National Park and near the Marble Palace (Khazar Tamashagah Museum), one of the few hotels which was recorded of National Monuments. Ramsar Old Hotel has Art Deco architecture and was built by German architects during 1878 – 1944. Construction of the hotel began in 1932 and was completed three years later. Built over a 5,000-square-meter area in three stories, the hotel is one of the most famous establishments in the Middle East. The basement of hotel has been converted into a traditional restaurant where guest can dine. The hotel also has coffee shop. This Nostalgic hotel with a long history is frequently used as a film location.
Ramsar Palace Museum
The royal Ramsar Palace or Marble Palace is one of the most precious monuments in the north of Iran. The palace was utilized to the order of Reza Shah Pahlaviin 1937 and was used until the Iran revolution as the house of Shah’s family. Palace building is in the middle of a garden with an area of 60000 meters and the first modified citrus trees and rare decorative plants were planted in this garden and this is one of the most interesting and versatile gardens in Iran. The architecture of this garden with a foundation of about six hundred meters is done by engineer Hovhaness Onik Gharibian under supervision of Iranian and German architects at that time. The palace building is made of white vein marbles and has a porch with 4 columns carved out of marble. Two marble statues of tiger are on both stairways at the back of the palace. There is a central hall at the beginning of the building and the doors of side rooms open to it. After the Iran revolution, it was opened under the title “Khazar Spectacle” in the form of a public museum to present Ramsar resting palace and the monuments in the palace and to study the various monuments related to the Caspian Sea field. The furniture being showed in this museum include, the sofas, antique candlesticks and buffets, precious bronze and marble statues and paintings by well-known painters of the world. There is a pine tree with 23 meters high in the area in front of the palace that was planted in 2013. This pine tree is known as 4 horns. The tree is more than one and a half meters wide. There is also a blue pool in front of the palace where several caviar fish are kept for decoration. Ramsar Marble Palace is inside Rmsar City and on a very easily-accessible path. The palace is known as Marble Palace for the many marbles used for its construction. For its special attractions, the palace building along with its roundabout buildings were registered on 1999 with registration number 2323 as a historical monument.
Ramsar Mineral Waters and Springs
Widespread parts Ramsar center have warm mineral waters and springs known as carbonated sulfur springs with medicinal and therapeutic properties that tourists enjoy from these waters. In addition to many therapeutic properties, these springs have a beautiful effect on the surrounding scenery. The presence of this hot water near the seashore has given Ramsar a unique feature. 52 mineral springs in Ramsar with amazing properties have caused many people to know Ramsar as the city of therapeutic tourism. One spring is useful for skin diseases, and another for relaxing nerves. One of these springs also miracles joint pain. There are several baths and mineral water pools in the towns of Ketalm and Sadat, Ramsar itself and Javaher Deh which are useful for the treatment of skin diseases, rheumatism and neuromuscular pain.
Ramsar Cable Car (Tele Cabin)
Ramsar Cable Car known as Ramsar Tele Cabin is located in Green Ramsar Complex and 5 km of west of Ramsar. It is one of most amazing tourist attractions in Ramsar. It spends 10-minute ride from Ramsar to Chaboksar along with the coast to the top of the Ilmili mountain range. Due to the existence of carting grounds, shopping malls, coffee shops and amusement parks, town hall, hotel and ... It has an attractive and complete environment for tourists. Ramsar Tele Cabin as the largest one in Iran is longing from the Caspian coast to heights of forest and has 40 cabins in length of 2 kilometers built by private sector. Ramsar Tele Cabin system with speeds of 3 m/s passes 2000 meters in 12 minutes and rises up to 700 meters to make an easy and desirable journey with beautiful and unique view of nature from high mountains of Alborz.
Dalakhani is a semi-mountainous forest with the height of about 800 meters and is therefore a good option for climbers and nature lovers. dense fog is the prominent characteristic of the Dalikhani forest, which is most beautiful feature after its unique and virgin nature. The Dalakhani Forest known as the “Dalan Behest” (Door of Paradise) is surrounded by jungle trees and unique weather and can make the ideal memory of the best nature trip. It has named the Dalkhani forests because of locating along with the vast forests of Ramsar. These forests continue along the road and after Dalkani, they arrive at Jannat Roodbar and Grosmazar, Akrasar, Galin and ... . This forest is also known as Dalikhani forest.
Ramsar has number of beautiful and scenic waterfalls with natural landscapes due to its full of snow mountains, abundant rainfalls, and its location in the water-rich region of Iran. Some of most important waterfalls in Ramsar are:
- Azark waterfall in Sang poshteh area
- Hisian waterfall in Jannat Roudbar area
- Chardar Waterfall in Jannat Rudbar Zone
- Khoshka waterfall in the Harris area
- Laj and Mijh Waterfall in Eshkour Ramsar District
- Rizesh Baraz Waterfall in Jannat Roudbar area
- Rashmeh Dareh Waterfall in Javaher Deh
- Ahsineh Waterfall in Jannat Roudbar area (the highest waterfall in the whole area)