Khuzestan is one of the provinces of Iran located at southwest of the country and covers an area of 63,238 sq. km, it is bordering Iraq and the Persian Gulf and its capital is Ahvaz. The province of Khuzestan can be basically divided into two regions which are the plains and mountainous regions. One of these regions is the alluvial plains that are irrigated by Karoon, Karkheh and Jarahi Rivers. And another is mountainous regions are situated to the north and east of the province, and are considered to be a part of southern regions of the Zagross Mountain Ranges. Major cities of Khuzestan include Abadan, Andimeshk, Omidiyeh, Eazeh, Baq-e-Malek, Mah Shahr, Behbahan, Khoram Shahr, Dezful, Dasht-e-Azadegan, Ramhormoz, Shadegan, Shoosh, Shooshtar and Masjed Soleiman. As the Iranian province with the oldest history, Khuzestan is one of the centers of ancient civilizations, dating back to 6,000 years. It is often referred to as the "birthplace of the nation", as this is where the history of the Elamites begins. Khuzestan province as historical place has many tourism attractions like Karun River, Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, Susa city, Tchogha Zanbil, Shevi waterfall, Haft tepe, Danial Nabi Shrine.
Historically, one of the most important regions of the Ancient Near East, Khuzestan, is what historians refer to as ancient Elam, whose capital was in Susa which dating back to 6,000 years. In the 4th millennium BC the powerful Elamite government was founded in Susa, and was overthrown in the 1st millennium BC by the Assyrians. The modern city of Shush, presently occupies the ancient site (Susa). Susa is located in the south-west of Iran, in the lower Zagros Mountains; the property encompasses a group of archaeological mounds rising on the eastern side of the Shavur River, as well as Ardeshir’s palace, on the opposite bank of the river. The excavated architectural monuments include administrative, residential and palatial structures. Susa contains several layers of superimposed urban settlements in a continuous succession from the late 5th millennium BCE until the 13th century CE. Susa site was declared a world heritage in 2015 by UNESCO.
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, inscribed as a masterpiece of creative genius, can be traced back to Darius the Great in the 5th century B.C. It involved the creation of two main diversion canals on the river Kârun one of which, Gargar canal, is still in use providing water to the city of Shushtar via a series of tunnels that supply water to mills. It forms a spectacular cliff from which water cascades into a downstream basin. It then enters the plain situated south of the city where it has enabled the planting of orchards and farming over an area of 40,000 ha. known as Mianâb (Paradise). The property has an ensemble of remarkable sites including the Salasel Castel, the operation center of the entire hydraulic system, the tower where the water level is measured, damns, bridges, basins and mills. It bears witness to the know-how of the Elamites and Mesopotamians as well as more recent Nabatean expertise and Roman building influence. This island city was registered on UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites in 2009. The Shushtar historical Hydraulic System is outstanding for its diversity of civil engineering structures as well as its uses as urban water supply, irrigation, river transportation, and the defensive system.
Tchogha Zanbil (meaning “basket mound”) is the oldest existing ziggurat in the Near East. Located in the province of Khuzestan in Iran, the Chogha Zanbil ziggurat is estimated to be about 3,000-years-old. is an ancient Elamite complex and the Kingdom of Elam which the ruins of this holy city surrounded by three huge concentric walls, are found at Tchogha Zanbil. Founded c. 1250 B.C., the city remained unfinished after it was invaded by Ashurbanipal, as shown by the thousands of unused bricks left at the site. It lies approximately 30 km (19 mi) south-east of Susa and 80 km (50 mi) north of Ahvaz. Tchogha Zanbil is considered to be the best preserved example of the stepped pyramidal monument by UNESCO. In 1979, Chogha Zanbil became the first Iranian site to be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Daniel Nabi Shrine
The Tomb of Daniel is the traditional burial place of the biblical prophet Daniel. Various locations have been named for the site, but the tomb in Susa, is the most widely accepted, it being first mentioned by Benjamin of Tudela, who visited Asia between 1160 and 1163. This shrine is on the eastern banks of the Shoor River. There are two yards with rooms around the yards. The tomb is at the end of the second yard, and there are rooms for visitors stay. There is an old yellow colored stone on the tomb, the ceiling has beautiful mirror works, the foundations of the tomb are old but thick and strong, and one of the sides has tile works. The dome of Daniel Nabi is a multi-sided, hexagonal in shape erected on a circular base.
Haft Tepe is an archaeological and ancient site which belongs to Elamite and remains of city of Kabnak were discovered in 1908, and excavations are still carried out. Haft Tepe (the ancient name of the site is unknown) lie on the plain of Khuzistan in southwestern Iran close to the ruins of ancient Susa. The city of Kabnak is mentioned as an important political center during the reign of the Elamite king Tempti-Ahar. The site consists of seven mounds and experts believe it was an important political center in the Elamite period (2800–300 BC). The site has yielded a royal tomb, the remains of a ziggurat, which is estimated to have been 30 meters tall, clay and stone tablets in Akkadian and countless other Elamite artifacts.