The historic City of Yazd, also known as City of Windcachers (Shahr-e Badgirha) is the capital of Yazd Province which located in the middle of the Iranian plateau, 270 km southeast of Isfahan, close to the Spice and Silk Roads. On a flat plain ringed by mountains, the city is wedged between the northern Dasht-e Kavir and southern Dasht-e Lut and is every inch a city of the desert. Because of generations of adaptations to its desert surroundings, Yazd has a unique Persian architecture and it bears living testimony to the use of limited resources for survival in the desert. Historical structure or texture of Yazd is one of the best tourism destinations in Iran and was declared as world heritage by UNESCO on 2017. Yazd is known as first earthen city and second historic city in the world which is has most tourist attractions. qanat system in Yazd developed to draw underground water and supplies water to the city. It is also very well known for its Zoroastrian fire temples, ab anbars, qanats, yakhchals, Persian handicrafts, handwoven cloth (Persian termeh), silk weaving, Persian Catton Candy, and its time-honored confectioneries.
Dolat Abad Garden
Dolat Abad Garden is located in historic texture of Yazd and it is one of the famous and magnificent Persian gardens which has been designed and built during Zand era about 1750. The house inside the garden has several stunning and beautiful halls and rooms on which every room has craving door and unique artwork. Doors of main rooms are designed with colorful glasses and the garden can be viewed thorough a mesmerizing look. Also an aqueduct with same name supplies the required water for the garden. It’s also well-known for having Iran’s loftiest badgir (windcatcher), standing over 33m. Dolat Abad Garden as Persian garden was registered and declared as world heritage site by UNESCO.
Jameh Mosque (Masjed Jameh) of Yazd is one of the most marvelous historical monuments. The 12th-century mosque is still in use today. It was first built by Al-e Bouyeh dynasty. The mosque was largely rebuilt between 1324 and 1365, and is one of the outstanding 14th century buildings of Iran. Jameh Mosque is located in the heart of Yazd which is surrounded by bazaars, libraries, bath houses and other urban institutions. According to the historians, the original building was constructed in the site of the Sassanid and Zoroastrian fire temple which was converted into a mosque during the Seljuk reign. The mosque is a fine specimen of the Azari style of Persian architecture. The mosque is crowned with a magnificent dome, decorated with turquoise and white geometric tiles. It has a pair of minarets, the highest in Iran, and the portal's facade is decorated from top to bottom in dazzling tile work, predominantly blue in color. The elegant patterns of brick work and the priceless inscription of mosaic tiles bearing angular kufic all create a sense of beauty. The two towering minarets dating back to the Safavid era measure 52 meters in height and 6 meters in diameter.
Yazd is the center of Zoroastrianism in Iran, and is home to several sites of religious and historic interest. The Ateshkadeh, or Fire Temple, is the most important, containing a central fire that has allegedly been burning since the 5th century A.D.Zoroastrianism, an ancient monotheistic religion that dates back to around 3500 years ago, was the principal religion in Iran before the Islamic conquests, and the community still lives on in some parts of Iran. The Ateshkadeh, or Fire Temple, is the most important, containing a central fire that has allegedly been burning since the 5th century A.D.
Amir Chakhmaqcomplex is one of Yazd’s architectural centerpieces and is situated in the heart of the city, in a square of the same name. It is noted for its symmetrical sunken alcoves. The imposing three-storey facade flaunts a number of beautifully symmetrical iwans. At night, the building is lit up after twilight hours after sun set with orange lighting in the arched alcoves which makes it a spectacle. According to historians, the square was built in the 15th century by Jalal-al-Din Amir-Chakhmaq, the governor of Yazd in the Timurid era. It is one of the largest hosseiniehs in the country (buildings used in the commemorative ceremonies for Imam Hossein’s death), and dates back to the 15th century, although it has undergone numerous renovations. The surrounding square has a number of good sweet and ice cream shops.
Tower of Silence
Tower of Silence known as Dakhma is another fascinating Zoroastrian site located just outside the city and certainly worth a visit. These two circular, raised structures sit atop adjacent hills. Until as recently as the 1960s, in accordance with Zoroastrian tradition, once a body ceases to live, it can immediately be contaminated by demons and made impure. To prevent this infiltration, the bodies were left in the towers’ central pits for scavenger birds to pick at. Although the towers are no longer used in ceremony, they can be visited along with a number of the ossuaries in the area.